Croquet is an unusual game in that players themselves are frequently required to be their own “referee” during a game. However as referees are not required for any social or club tournament, they are required for inter club, pennant events and particularly for State or International matches.
A referee is the “expert witness” for any solution where there may be the possibility of a fault being committed, OR to sort out a situation by applying the Laws of Croquet. Becoming a referee is a good way to improve knowledge and skills when playing association croquet.
Umpires – The examiner demonstrates certain strokes and situations on the court, and the candidate is asked to adjudicate on matters of fact, not law. Questions cover general knowledge, wiring, fault and shot watching, hoop situations, stationary ball situations, double banked play and timekeeping. A pass mark for Part A is 65/75 and Part B 28/32.
Referees – The examination is also on the court and is 2 parts. Part 1 comprises questions to test the candidate’s competence in judging shots, adjudicating wiring and ruling on stationery ball positions. The situations are similar in some instances to those that umpires are expected to judge, but they may be more complicated or have unexpected aspects. The candidate is expected to answer the questions without consulting the laws.
Part 2 comprises questions on the other laws that go beyond the range of an umpire’s duties. These questions are designed to test the candidate’s ability to give correct rulings in situations that a referee is likely to encounter in practice: they are not testing the candidate’s knowledge of abstruse points of the Laws. They also test the candidate’s understanding of the powers and duties of referees. The Laws book and the ACA Regulations may be used. A pass mark is 80% of Part 1 and Part 2 combined 100/125.
For accreditation to ACA, all umpires and referees must complete the Australian Sports Commission Certificate of Completion on “Introductory Level, Officiating, General Principles”
On successful completion of the course a copy of the certificate is to be forwarded to the State Director Referees (Association).